[16] The whalers came for fresh drinking water, firewood and provisions, and later, they recruited local men to serve as crewmen on their ships. You need a Single Account for unlimited access. Rugby league is mostly played by Samoans living in New Zealand and Australia. Scientific research is ongoing… The total land area is 2,842 km2 (1,097 sq mi),[63] consisting of the two large islands of Upolu and Savai'i (which together account for 99% of the total land area) and eight small islets. [51], At the end of December 2011, Samoa changed its time zone offset from UTC−11 to UTC+13, effectively jumping forward by one day, omitting 30 December from the local calendar. Statista. It lies about 1,600 miles (2,600 km) northeast of New Zealand and 2,200 miles (3,500 km) southwest of the U.S. state of Hawaii. [citation needed] Observers point to the flexibility of the labour market as a basic strength for future economic advances. In addition, many Samoans have played for or are playing for New Zealand. [1] The Head of State until 2007, Malietoa Tanumafili II, was a Baháʼí. Fiame Mata'afa Faumuina Mulinu'u II, one of the four highest-ranking paramount chiefs in the country, became Samoa's first Prime Minister. Notable figures in Samoan history included the Tui Manu'a line, Queen Salamasina, King Fonoti and the four tama-a-aiga: Malietoa, Tupua Tamasese, Mata'afa and Tuimalealiifano. As with other Polynesian cultures (Hawaiian, Tahitian and Māori) with significant and unique tattoos, Samoans have two gender specific and culturally significant tattoos. Items of great cultural value include the finely woven 'ie toga. WSTEC is the biggest coffee producer. The main sports played in Samoa are rugby union, Samoan cricket and netball. Samoa (/səˈmoʊə/), officially the Independent State of Samoa (Samoan: Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Samoan: Sāmoa, IPA: [ˈsaːmoa]) and until 1997 known as Western Samoa, is a Polynesian island country consisting of two main islands (Savai'i and Upolu), two smaller, inhabited islands (Manono and Apolima), and several smaller, uninhabited islands, including the Aleipata Islands (Nu'utele, Nu'ulua, Fanuatapu and Namua). To emphasize the importance of full inclusion with sign language, elementary Samoan Sign Language was taught to members of the Samoa Police Service, Red Cross Society, and public during the 2017 International Week of the Deaf. [72] In 2017, Samoa's gross domestic product in purchasing power parity was estimated to be $1.13 billion U.S. dollars, ranking 204th among all countries. [65][66] While all of the islands have volcanic origins, only Savai'i, the westernmost island in Samoa, remains volcanically active, with the most recent eruptions at Mt Matavanu (1905–1911), Mata o le Afi (1902) and Mauga Afi (1725). Samoa is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions. The United States laid its own claim, based on commercial shipping interests in Pearl River in Hawaii and Pago Pago Bay in Eastern Samoa, and forced alliances, most conspicuously on the islands of Tutuila and Manu'a which became American Samoa. "The history of Samoan migration to New Zealand, a demographic profile of the migrants, and the future of such migration are discussed. [39] Mau leader and paramount chief Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III was shot from behind and killed while trying to bring calm and order to the Mau demonstrators. For two months, Samoa was crippled. Her first book of poetry Wild Dogs Under My Skirt was published by Victoria University Press in 2004. Urale's short film O Tamaiti won the prestigious Best Short Film at the Venice Film Festival in 1996. Register in seconds and access exclusive features. After 8 years students are required to take a national exam which ranks them for selection into secondary schools. It is to make roads, and gardens, and care for your trees, and sell their produce wisely, and, in one word, to occupy and use your country... if you do not occupy and use your country, others will. Meanwhile, the population of Samoa is ~203,774 people (4.7 million more people live in New Zealand). The NZ administration allowed the ship to berth in breach of quarantine; within seven days of this ship's arrival, influenza became epidemic in Upolu and then spread rapidly throughout the rest of the territory. by Dipannita Basu and Sidney J. Lemelle, 180–199. In the period before German colonisation, Samoa produced mostly copra. In 1899, the Samoan Islands were partitioned into two parts: the eastern group of islands became a territory of the U.S. (American Samoa) while the Western Islands were German Samoa, which later came under the control of New Zealand until Samoa gained independence in 1962. The highest point in Samoa is Mt Silisili, at 1858 m (6,096 ft). [52] This change aimed to help the nation boost its economy in doing business with Australia and New Zealand. Demographic trends. He had "seen these judgments of God," in Hawaii where abandoned native churches stood like tombstones "over a grave, in the midst of the white men’s sugar fields".[22]. [60] The capital village of each district administers and coordinates the affairs of the district and confers each district's paramount title, amongst other responsibilities. After repeated efforts by the Samoan independence movement, the New Zealand Western Samoa Act 1961 of 24 November 1961 granted Samoa independence, effective on 1 January 1962, upon which the Trusteeship Agreement terminated. Before this change, Samoa was 21 hours behind Sydney, but the change means it is now three hours ahead. [citation needed], Because of variations in altitude, a large range of tropical and subtropical crops can be cultivated, but land is not generally available to outside interests. The New Zealand police attempted to arrest one of the leaders in the demonstration. Ten others died that day and approximately 50 were injured by gunshot wounds and police batons. Another dance performed by males is called the fa'ataupati or the slap dance, creating rhythmic sounds by slapping different parts of the body. The latest Census was conducted in 2011. Examples of this are the traditional Samoan fale (houses) which are open with no walls, using blinds made of coconut palm fronds during the night or bad weather. Samoa's main post-secondary educational institution is the National University of Samoa, established in 1984. King Kapisi was the first hip hop artist to receive the prestigious New Zealand APRA Silver Scroll Award in 1999 for his song Reverse Resistance. About 4.4% is Western Samoan Trust Estates Corporation (WSTEC). One of the Mau leaders was Olaf Frederick Nelson, a half Samoan and half Swedish merchant. The Supreme Court of Samoa is the court of highest jurisdiction. [48] American Samoa protested against the move, asserting that the change diminished its own identity. Wilhelm Solf was appointed the colony's first governor. They developed a Samoan language and Samoan cultural identity. Momoe Malietoa Von Reiche is an internationally recognised poet and artist. The paramount 'tama-a-'aiga' (royal lineage) title of A'ana is Tuimalealiifano. The impact on Samoan families when employment was threatened by decreased workload and disgruntled New Zealanders. Life in New Zealand is different from the Pacific, and having the right information can help you make a successful move. In accordance with the Mau's non-violent philosophy, the newly elected leader, High Chief Tupua Tamasese Lealofi, led his fellow uniformed Mau in a peaceful demonstration in downtown Apia on 28 December 1929.[38]. Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States quickly resolved to end the hostilities and divided the island chain at the Tripartite Convention of 1899, signed at Washington on 2 December 1899 with ratifications exchanged on 16 February 1900. Families retreated to fale that were sealed with thic… [83], Since 2017, Article 1 of the Samoan Constitution states that “Samoa is a Christian nation founded of God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit”.[2]. The population is 92.6% Samoans, 7% Euronesian (people of mixed European and Polynesian ancestry) and 0.4% Europeans, according to the CIA World Factbook. Samoan forces loyal to Prince Tanu were besieged by a larger force of Samoan rebels loyal to Mata'afa Iosefo. [citation needed] Samoa reached the quarter finals of the 2013 Rugby League World Cup, the team comprising players from the NRL and Super League plus domestic players. Neil Ieremia's company Black Grace has also received international acclaim with tours to Europe and New York. West, "The Samoans were also known to engage in ‘headhunting', a ritual of war in which a warrior took the head of his slain opponent to give to his leader, thus proving his bravery."[19]. What is the difference between Samoan, Māori, and Hawaiian? [45], In 2002, New Zealand's prime minister Helen Clark formally apologised for New Zealand's role in Spanish Influenza outbreak in 1918 that killed over a quarter of Samoa's population and for the Black Saturday killings in 1929. [92], The arts organisation Tautai is a collective of visual artists including Fatu Feu'u, Johnny Penisula, Shigeyuki Kihara, Michel Tuffery, and Lily Laita.[94]. [20][21] Even as they descended into ever greater interclan warfare, what most alarmed Stevenson was the Samoans' economic innocence. Samoan mythology includes many gods with creation stories and figures of legend such as Tagaloa and the goddess of war Nafanua, the daughter of Saveasi'uleo, ruler of the spirit realm Pulotu. The median annual income for the New Zealand adult population, at $18,500, was approximately a fifth higher than that of Samoan adults, as shown in figure 8.1. The Electric Power Corporation has a goal of 100% renewable energy by 2021. Tumua and Pule (traditional governments of Upolu and Savai'i) were for a time silent; all decisions on matters affecting lands and titles were under the control of the colonial Governor. Update, Insights into the world's most important technology markets, Advertising & Media Outlook [citation needed] The sector has been helped enormously by major capital investment in hotel infrastructure, political instability in neighbouring Pacific countries, and the 2005 launch of Virgin Samoa a joint-venture between the government and Virgin Australia (then Virgin Blue). As soon as this statistic is updated, you will immediately be notified via e-mail. As amended, Article 1 of the Samoan Constitution states that “Samoa is a Christian nation founded of God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit”. The Samoan government provides eight years of primary and secondary education that is tuition-free and is compulsory through age 16.[84]. The cause of the epidemic was confirmed in 1919 by a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Epidemic concluded that there had been no epidemic of pneumonic influenza in Western Samoa before the arrival of the Talune from Auckland on 7 November 1918.[34]. "[28] Thus, there was no Samoan Tupu (king), nor an alii sili (similar to a governor), but two Fautua (advisors) were appointed by the colonial government. After several days of fighting, the Samoan rebels were finally defeated. [53], In 2017, Samoa signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. Chart. Facebook: number of monthly active users worldwide 2008-2020, Smartphone market share worldwide by vendor 2009-2020, Number of apps available in leading app stores 2020, Profit from additional features with an Employee Account. Samoa was discovered and settled by their Lapita ancestors (Austronesian people speaking Oceanic languages), with New Zealand scientists dating remains in Samoa to about 2900–3500 years ago. From the end of World War I until 1962, New Zealand controlled Western Samoa as a Class C Mandate under trusteeship through the League of Nations,[30] then through the United Nations. [33], In 1918, during the final stages of World War I, the Spanish flu had taken its toll, spreading rapidly from country to country. 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055 2060 2065 2070 2075 2080 2085 2090 2095 2100 82,106 Population. These relationships are based on respect, or fa'aaloalo. Sixty percent of Samoa's electricity comes from renewable hydro, solar, and wind sources, with the remainder from diesel generators. Although this research is ongoing, a number of theories have been proposed. The music video for Reverse Resistance was filmed in Savai'i at his villages. The Lapita people discovered and settled the Samoan Islands around 3,500 years ago. New Zealand was occupied by the Polynesian people since roughly 1200-1300 AD, but not much is known about the people of this time. This feature is limited to our corporate solutions. A male who possesses such a tatau is called a soga'imiti. Pineapples grow well in Samoa, but beyond local consumption have not been a major export. By 1918, Western Samoa had a population of some 38,000 Samoans and 1,500 Europeans. Samoa, the first small-island country in the Pacific to become independent, joined the Commonwealth of Nations on 28 August 1970. The remains were discovered at a Lapita site at Mulifanua, and the scientists’ findings were published in 1974. Sia Figiel won the 1997 Commonwealth Writers' Prize for fiction in the south-east Asia/South Pacific region with her novel "Where We Once Belonged". Samoa lies south of the equator, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand, in the Polynesian region of the Pacific Ocean. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. Around three-quarters of its 195,000 population live on the main island of Upolu; the rest live on the neighbouring island of Savai'i or on two of the smaller islets, Manono and Apolima. Written and directed by Tusi Tamasese, it received much critical acclaim and attention at film festivals throughout the world. [73] The same year, the Samoan labour force was estimated at 50,700. The Samoan islands result geologically from volcanism, originating with the Samoa hotspot, which probably results from a mantle plume. Samoans have been very visible in boxing, kickboxing, wrestling, and sumo; some Samoan sumo wrestlers, most famously Musashimaru and Konishiki, have reached the highest rank of Ozeki and yokozuna. New Zealand in Samoa. facts. 8 However, as this total of 716 Samoans included 232 persons classified as Samoans who were born in New Zealand, 9 and there is a strong presumption that the bulk of those outside the working age range were in fact born in New Zealand, it could be that after deducting the New Zealand-born element from the above figures an estimate of the order of over 80 per cent for … Then you will be able to mark statistics as favourites and use personal statistics alerts. The prime minister's choices for the 12 cabinet positions are appointed by the head of state, subject to the continuing confidence of the Fono. The 2011 film The Orator was the first ever fully Samoan film, shot in Samoa in the Samoan language with a Samoan cast telling a uniquely Samoan story. Samoa hosts the seventh (of nine current) Baháʼí Houses of Worship in the world; completed in 1984 and dedicated by the Head of State, it is located in Tiapapata, 8 km (5 mi) from Apia. May 18, 2017. The fa'a Samoa, or traditional Samoan way, remains a strong force in Samoan life and politics. [88], Albert Wendt is a significant Samoan writer whose novels and stories tell the Samoan experience. The officers began to fire randomly into the crowd and a Lewis machine gun, mounted in preparation for this demonstration, was used to disperse the demonstrators. While independence was achieved at the beginning of January, Samoa annually celebrates 1 June as its independence day. Supporting Prince Tanu were landing parties from four British and American warships. There is an ongoing study that the reason for Samoans having a high percentage of people suffering from obesity could possibly be linked to a genetic disorder (Sundborn et al., 2010). In 1989, his novel Flying Fox in a Freedom Tree was made into a feature film in New Zealand, directed by Martyn Sanderson. If the Asiatic rhinoceros beetle in Samoa were eradicated, Samoa could produce in excess of 40,000 metric tons (44,000 short tons) of copra. The country of Samoa (distinct from American Samoa) has a unique historical relationship with New Zealand, having been administered by New Zealand from 1914 to 1962. Background. The next Head of State was Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Efi, was elected by the legislature on 17 June 2007 for a fixed five-year term,[57] and was re-elected unopposed in July 2012. The previous time zone, implemented on 4 July 1892, operated in line with American traders based in California. Samoan migration to Aotearoa New Zealand particularly during the influx of sought after workers, from 1950s to1980s. The Samoan siva dance has unique gentle movements of the body in time to music and tells a story, although the Samoan male dances can be more snappy. New, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Industry Outlook As of 7 December, there have been 68 deaths (0.31 per 1,000, based on a population of 201,316[77]) and over 4,460 cases (2.2% of the population) of measles in Samoa,[78][79] mainly children under four years old, and 10 reported cases in Fiji. The main political family that confers the Malietoa title is 'Aiga Sā Malietoa, with Auimatagi as the main speaker for the family. Other legends include the well known story of Sina and the Eel which explains the origins of the first coconut tree. "Forecast of The Samoan Population in New Zealand from 2013 to 2038, by Age Group (in Thousands)*. American Samoa, officially Territory of American Samoa, unincorporated territory of the United States consisting of the eastern part of the Samoan archipelago, located in the south-central Pacific Ocean. The Saleaula lava fields situated on the central north coast of Savai'i result from the Mt Matavanu eruptions, which left 50 km2 (20 sq mi) of solidified lava.[67]. Within these two principal lineages are the four highest titles of Samoa - the elder titles of Malietoa and Tupua Tamasese of antiquity as well as the newer Mata'afa and Tuimalealiifano titles who rose to prominence in 19th century wars that preceded the colonial period. A paid subscription is required for full access. The total number of deaths attributable to influenza is estimated as 8500, 22% of the Samoan population. The main island of Upolu is home to nearly three-quarters of Samoa's population, and to the capital city, Apia. They also took home the cup at Wellington and the Hong Kong Rugby Sevens in 2007—for which the Prime Minister of Samoa, also Chairman of the national rugby union, Tuila’epa Sa’ilele Malielegaoi, declared a national holiday. In Samoa primary education is free, which includes grades 1–8, Ages 6–13, and is a total of 6 years. New Zealand was ill-equipped to cope with the Western Samoa mandate it was allocated by the League of Nations in 1920. The Mau grew, remaining steadfastly non-violent, and expanded to include the highly influential women's branch. The Samoan population in New Zealand between 15 and 39 years old is projected to be around 111 thousand people by the year 2038. )", "Wartime administration – capture of German Samoa", "History and migration: Who are the Samoans? Prominent Samoan players include Pat Lam and Brian Lima. Samoans' religious adherence includes the following: Christian Congregational Church of Samoa 31.8%, Roman Catholic 19.4%, Methodist 15.2%, Assembly of God 13.7%, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 7.6%, Seventh-day Adventist 3.9%, Worship Centre 1.7%, other Christian 5.5%, other 0.7%, none 0.1%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 estimate). In Samoan villages, volleyball is also popular. [25], The eastern island-group became a territory of the United States (the Tutuila Islands in 1900 and officially Manu'a in 1904) and was known as American Samoa. Dr Helen Petousis-Harris said given New Zealand's responsibility for the 1918 flu epidemic reaching Samoa and wiping out 22 per cent of the population, this … Overview and forecasts on trending topics, Key figures and rankings about brands and companies, Consumer insights and preferences in various industries, Detailed information about political and social topics, All key figures about regions and countries, Everything you need to know about Consumer Goods, Identify market potentials of the digital future, Technology Market Outlook A Samoan girl or teine is given a malu, which covers the area from just below her knees to her upper thighs. Two other paramount chiefs at the time of independence were appointed joint heads of state for life. In 1908, when the non-violent Mau a Pule resistance movement arose, Solf did not hesitate to banish the Mau leader Lauaki Namulau'ulu Mamoe to Saipan in the German Northern Mariana Islands.[27]. The feature film Siones Wedding, co-written by Oscar Kightley, was financially successful following premieres in Auckland and Apia. Do they have the same language? It seems that Western Samoan brides have much higher rates of intermarriage with Europeans (New Zealand-born and immigrants) than Western Samoan bridegrooms. [citation needed]. As one of the oldest Polynesian cultures, the fa'asamoa developed over a period of 3,000 years, withstanding centuries of European influence to maintain its historical customs, social and political systems, and language. [3] About three-quarters of the population live on the main island of Upolu. The annual production of both bananas and copra has been in the range of 13,000 to 15,000 metric tons (about 14,500 to 16,500 short tons). [73], The country's currency is the Samoan tālā, issued and regulated by the Central Bank of Samoa. Migration became a serious phenomenon after independence in 1962, with primarily young, unskilled workers moving to take up jobs in the agricultural and service sectors. Sugarcane production, originally established by Germans in the early 20th century, could be successful. Prominent women in Samoan politics include the late Laulu Fetauimalemau Mata'afa (1928–2007) from Lotofaga constituency, the wife of Samoa's first prime minister. Forty-seven are matai title-holders elected from territorial districts by Samoans; the other two are chosen by non-Samoans with no chiefly affiliation on separate electoral rolls. In the first month of World War I, on 29 August 1914, troops of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force landed unopposed on Upolu and seized control from the German authorities, following a request by Great Britain for New Zealand to perform this "great and urgent imperial service."[29]. Her first feature film Apron Strings opened the 2008 NZ International Film Festival. ", Statistics New Zealand, Forecast of the Samoan population in New Zealand from 2013 to 2038, by age group (in thousands)* Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/719228/new-zealand-samoan-population-forecast-by-age-group/ (last visited February 05, 2021), Forecast of the Samoan population in New Zealand from 2013 to 2038, by age group (in thousands)*, Population forecast for Germany until 2060, German population as of 2019, by federal state, Population forecast for Germany 2018-2060, by age group, Average age of the population in Germany 2011-2019, Average age of the population in Germany 2011-2019, by citizenship, Number of children under 14 in Germany 1991-2019, Share of the German population aged 15-64 1991-2019, Share of the German population aged 65 and older 1991-2019, Change of birth rate in Germany year-on-year 1992-2019, Number of births in Germany 1999-2019, by federal state, Number of deaths change in Germany 1992-2019, Number of deaths in Germany in 2019, by federal state, Number of births and deaths in Germany 1950-2019, Births-deaths margin in Germany 1950-2019, Distribution of Samoan population in New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Distribution of Māori population in New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Indian population forecast of New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Distribution of Chinese population in New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Pacific population forecast of New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Asian population forecast of New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, MELAA population forecast of New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Distribution of MELAA population in New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Distribution of Indian population in New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Chinese population forecast of New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Māori population forecast of New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Distribution of Pacific population in New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Distribution of Asian population in New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, European population of New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Distribution of European population New Zealand 2013-2038 by age group, Population growth rate forecast of New Zealand 2018-2038 by ethnicity, Share of the population in New Zealand 2013-2038 by ethnicity, Population forecast of New Zealand 2013-2038 by ethnicity, Forecasted age of population in Bulgaria 2015-2035, Forecasted age of population in Germany 2015-2035, Find your information in our database containing over 20,000 reports, Tools and Tutorials explained in our Media Centre. 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